Report 19750404A


April 04, 1975


Gerald Ford


South Vietnam

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: The U.S. "has been joined in this humanitarian effort by a number of other countries who are offering people, supplies, and vessels to assist in this effort..."

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "transport refugees from Danang and other seaports to safer areas farther south in Vietnam"

Domestic Legal Authority

Const. (Art. II) and Statute

Details: "This effort is being undertaken pursuant to the President's constitutional authority as Commander-in-Chief and Chief Executive in the conduct of foreign relations, and pursuant to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961"

Claimed International Legal Basis

Consent of territorial state

Details: Undertaken in response to "urgent appeals from the Government of the Republic of Vietnam"

Estimated Scope/Duration

Scope/duration specified

Details: "You will appreciate, I am sure, my difficulty in telling you precisely how long U.S. forces may be needed in this effort. Our present estimate... is for a period of at least several weeks."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: North Vietnam

Military Activity

Air operations Use of naval forces/vessels

Details: "I have ordered U.S. naval vessels to assist with this effort, including Amphibious Task Group 76.8 with 12 embarked helicopters and approximately 700 Marines."; "authorized to approach the coast of South Vietnam to pick up refugees and U.S. nationals, and transport them to safety"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported