November 16, 1990
AdministrationGeorge H.W. Bush
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
No, as stated in report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
Yes, described in/inferred from report
Details: "Allied and other friendly governments"
Article 51 Report to UN
Purpose/MissionRespond to threat
Details: "[E]nsure that the coalition has an adequate offensive military option should that be necessary" in response to "Iraq's invasion of Kuwait."
Domestic Legal AuthorityNone provided
Details: None stated
Claimed International Legal BasisSelf-Defense
Details: "Our Forces are in the Gulf region in the exercise of our inherent right of individual and collective self-defense against Iraq's aggression and consistent with U.N. Security Council resolutions related to Iraq's onging occupation of Kuwait."
Mission-bound but indeterminate
Details: "[O]ur Armed Forces would remain in the Persian Gulf region so long as required to contribute to the security of the region and desired by host governments."
Type of Enemy or MissionNation-state
Military ActivityAir operations Use of naval forces/vessels Use of ground forces
Details: Deployment of "a heavy U.S. Army Corps and a Marine expeditionary force with an additional brigade. In addition, three aircraft carriers, a battleship, appropriate escort ships, a naval amphibious landing group, and a squadron of maritime prepositioning ships will join other naval units in the area."
US Casualties Reported
Non-US Casualties Reported