Report 19930709A


July 09, 1993


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

Insufficient information to infer from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: " support multilateral efforts to prevent the Balkan conflict from spreading and to contribute to stability in the region."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "This deployment is important to our foreign policy and natural security interests and has been directed in accordance with Section 7 of the United Nations Participation Act and pursuant to my constitutional authority as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCR 842 of June 18, 1993, which expanded "the U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The Security Council... welcomed the addition of a U.S. peacekeeping contingent to UNPROFOR in Macedonia."

Estimated Scope/Duration

None provided

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Former Yugoslavia

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: Transport of "equipment into Macedonia by U.S. C–141 aircraft" including "M–113 Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs)" for an incoming contingent of approximately 350 U.S. military personnel.

US Casualties Reported


Details: April 19, 1994 report states "there have been no U.S. casualties since the operation began"

Non-US Casualties Reported