July 09, 1993
AdministrationBill Clinton (First Term)
LocationFormer Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
Yes, described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
Insufficient information to infer from report
Details: United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Article 51 Report to UN
Not applicable because no self-defense claim
Details: "...to support multilateral efforts to prevent the Balkan conflict from spreading and to contribute to stability in the region."
Domestic Legal AuthorityConstitution (Art. II)
Details: "This deployment is important to our foreign policy and natural security interests and has been directed in accordance with Section 7 of the United Nations Participation Act and pursuant to my constitutional authority as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."
Claimed International Legal BasisUN Security Council authorization
Details: UNSCR 842 of June 18, 1993, which expanded "the U.N. Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The Security Council... welcomed the addition of a U.S. peacekeeping contingent to UNPROFOR in Macedonia."
Type of Enemy or MissionNation-state
Details: Former Yugoslavia
Military ActivityUse of ground forces
Details: Transport of "equipment into Macedonia by U.S. C–141 aircraft" including "M–113 Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs)" for an incoming contingent of approximately 350 U.S. military personnel.
US Casualties Reported
Details: April 19, 1994 report states "there have been no U.S. casualties since the operation began"
Non-US Casualties Reported