October 20, 1993
AdministrationBill Clinton (First Term)
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
Yes, described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
Insufficient information to infer from report
Details: "These U.S. forces and others as may be necessary, combined with those forces that other Member States have committed to this operation, will conduct intercept operations to ensure that merchant ships proceeding to Haiti are in compliance with United Nations Security Council sanctions."
Article 51 Report to UN
Not applicable because no self-defense claim
Details: "implementation of the petroleum and arms embargo of Haiti"
Domestic Legal AuthorityConstitution (Art. II)
Details: "I have ordered the deployment of U.S. Armed Forces for these purposes pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."
Claimed International Legal BasisUN Security Council authorization
Details: UNSCRs 841, 873, and 875
Type of Enemy or MissionNation-state
Military ActivityUse of naval forces/vessels
Details: Maritime interception operations
US Casualties Reported
Non-US Casualties Reported