Report 19950301A


March 01, 1995


Bill Clinton (First Term)



Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as stated in report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: "The withdrawal operation is a coalition effort consisting of forces from Italy, the United Kingdom, France, Pakistan, Malaysia, Bangladesh, and the United States."

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "to assist in the withdrawal of U.N. forces assigned to the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II)"; "as part of the U.S. long-standing commitment to UN humanitarian efforts in Somalia"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCR 794

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "It is my intention that this will be an operation of short duration whose only purpose is to assist in the withdrawal of UNOSOM II forces."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Humanitarian relief

Military Activity

Use of naval forces/vessels Use of ground forces

Details: "combat-equipped U.S. Armed Forces personnel began deployment into Mogadishu, Somalia, to assist in the withdrawal of U.N. forces assigned to the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II);" "The U.S. forces include the USS Essex Amphibious Readiness Group, the USS Belleau Wood, the Special Marine Air-to-Ground Task Force, and Special Operations forces including four AC–130 gunships"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported