Report 19960523A


May 23, 1996


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Central African Republic

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as stated in report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: Evacuate private U.S. citizens and certain U.S. government employees; "to defend American lives and property"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct the foreign relations of the United States and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "U.S. forces will redeploy as soon as evacuation operations are complete and enhanced security at the American Embassy is no longer required."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection

Details: "heavy fighting... between government forces and mutinous troops in the capital city of Bangui, Central African Republic."

Military Activity

Air operations Use of ground forces

Details: "Approximately 32 U.S. Marines... took up positions in and around the American Embassy compound" and "deployed to the international airport in order to assist in processing evacuees"; "Evacuation operations" involve "a U.S. KC–130 cargo aircraft operating into Yaounde, Cameroon."

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported