December 02, 1996
AdministrationBill Clinton (First Term)
LocationRwanda Republic of Zaire Uganda
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
No, as stated in report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
Yes, described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Details: Canada, UN
Article 51 Report to UN
Not applicable because no self-defense claim
Details: Humanitarian operation for Rwandan civilians
Domestic Legal AuthorityConstitution (Art. II)
Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct the foreign relations of the United States and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."
Claimed International Legal BasisUN Security Council authorization
Details: UNSCR 1080
Mission-bound but indeterminate
Details: "The aircraft will remain in the area as long as aerial survey efforts are required by relief efforts."
Type of Enemy or MissionOther
Details: "humanitarian situation in Rwanda and the Great Lakes region of eastern Zaire"
Military ActivityAir operations Use of ground forces
Details: Approximately 400 personnel deployed "in furtherance of ‘Operation Guardian Assistance’" "to conduct non-combat missions, including airlift, air control, and related services in support of ongoing humanitarian efforts"; "conduct aerial surveys throughout the Great Lakes region"
US Casualties Reported
Non-US Casualties Reported