Report 19961202A


December 02, 1996


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Rwanda Republic of Zaire Uganda

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as stated in report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: Canada, UN

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: Humanitarian operation for Rwandan civilians

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct the foreign relations of the United States and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCR 1080

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "The aircraft will remain in the area as long as aerial survey efforts are required by relief efforts."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: "humanitarian situation in Rwanda and the Great Lakes region of eastern Zaire"

Military Activity

Air operations Use of ground forces

Details: Approximately 400 personnel deployed "in furtherance of ‘Operation Guardian Assistance’" "to conduct non-combat missions, including airlift, air control, and related services in support of ongoing humanitarian efforts"; "conduct aerial surveys throughout the Great Lakes region"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported