Report 19970327A


March 27, 1997


Bill Clinton (Second Term)


Gabon Republic of the Congo

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim


Protect US citizens, property

Details: "provide enhanced security for the more than 300 American private citizens, government employees, and selected third country nationals in Kinshasa"; "solely for the purpose of preparing to protect American citizens and property"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "United States forces will redeploy as soon as it is determined that an evacuation is not necessary or, if necessary, is completed."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection Rescue/Evacuation of nationals

Details: "potential for civil disorder and general unrest in Kinshasa"

Military Activity

Use of naval forces/vessels Use of ground forces

Details: Deployment of "Joint Task Force Headquarters, fixed-wing and rotary aircraft, airport control and support equipment, and medical and security personnel and equipment. In addition, USS Nassau, with a Marine Battalion Landing Team and a helicopter squadron reinforced with fixed-wing AV–8 Harrier aircraft embarked, is moving into the area."

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported