Report 19970530A


May 30, 1997


Bill Clinton (Second Term)


Sierra Leone

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "evacuation of certain U.S. Government employees and private U.S. citizens" from Sierra Leone

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct the foreign relations of the United States and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "United States forces will redeploy as soon as evacuation operations are complete and enhanced security at locations in and around Freetown is no longer required."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection Rescue/Evacuation of nationals

Details: "disorder and violence in Freetown" by Sierra Leone Military Forces (RSLMF)

Military Activity

Air operations Use of naval forces/vessels Use of ground forces

Details: "...approximately 200 U.S. military personnel, including an 11-member special forces detachment, were positioned in Freetown"; "U.S. military helicopters transported U.S. citizens and designated third-country nationals to immediate safety"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported