Report 19980612A


June 12, 1998


Bill Clinton (Second Term)



Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: Portugal, Senegal [Forty-four Americans have already been evacuated by a Portuguese vessel and a Senegalese ship from the city of Bissau]

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: Evacuate U.S. citizens, certain U.S. government employees, and select third country nationals "as a result of the deteriorating situation in Bissau and the threat to American lives and property"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: U.S. forces "will redeploy as soon as it is determined that the evacuation is completed."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection

Details: "deteriorating situation in Bissau and the threat to American lives and property" after "elements of Guinea-Bissau’s army mutinied"

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: "a standby evacuation force of U.S. military personnel" deployed to Senegal, including "enabling forces, a Joint Task Force Headquarters, fixed-wing aircraft and associated support personnel, and a U.S. special forces company"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported