Report 19980810A


August 10, 1998


Bill Clinton (Second Term)


Kenya Tanzania

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim


Protect US citizens, property

Details: "solely for the purpose of enhancing embassy security and ensuring the security of American citizens" in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Sallam, Tanzania; "coordinate the medical and disaster response assistance..."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: U.S. forces "will redeploy as soon as the additional security support is determined to be unnecessary."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Non-state actor

Details: "two bombs exploded"

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: "a Joint Task Force of U.S. military personnel... deployed to Nairobi to coordinate the medical and disaster response assistance arriving in Kenya and Tanzania"; In addition, "teams of approximately 50–100 security personnel each arrived in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam" to "ensure the security of the American Embassies and American citizens"

US Casualties Reported


Details: But in response to bombings in which a number of American citizens were killed or wounded

Non-US Casualties Reported