Report 20001014A


October 14, 2000


Bill Clinton (Second Term)



Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim


Respond to threat

Details: In response to attack on USS Cole, to "provide medical, security, and disaster response assistance"; "enhance the ability of the United States to ensure the security of the USS COLE"; "provide communications and other support"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "United States forces will redeploy as soon as the additional security support is determined to be unnecessary."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Non-state actor

Details: "a small boat exploded alongside the USS COLE"

Military Activity

Use of naval forces/vessels Use of ground forces

Details: "approximately 45 military personnel... deployed to Aden to provide medical, security, and disaster response assistance;" "approximately 50 U.S. military security personnel" and "additional similar security elements" deployed "to ensure the security of the USS COLE"; "two U.S. Navy surface combatant vessels are operating in or near Yemeni territorial waters to provide communications and other support"

US Casualties Reported


Details: But in response to attack in which "[a] number of American sailors were killed or wounded"

Non-US Casualties Reported