September 26, 2002
AdministrationGeorge W. Bush (First Term)
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
Yes, stated or used terms in statute
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
Insufficient information to infer from report
Article 51 Report to UN
Not applicable because no self-defense claim
Details: Evacuate American citizens and foreign nationals
Domestic Legal AuthorityConstitution (Art. II)
Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."
Claimed International Legal BasisUnknown
Mission-bound but indeterminate
Details: "United States forces will redeploy as soon as it is determined that this mission is completed."
Type of Enemy or MissionRescue/Evacuation of nationals
Details: Evacuation of U.S. citizens and foreign nationals
Military ActivityUse of ground forces
Details: "approximately 180 soldiers, fixed-wing aircraft, and equipment"
US Casualties Reported
Non-US Casualties Reported