Report 20040225A


February 25, 2004


George W. Bush (First Term)



Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim


Protect US citizens, property

Details: Protect against "a climate of insecurity for the U.S. Embassy"; "Although the U.S. forces are equipped for combat, this movement was undertaken solely for the purpose of protecting American citizens and property" in Haiti

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "It is anticipated that U.S. forces will provide this support until such time as it is determined that the security situation has stabilized and the threat to the Embassy, its facilities, and U.S. personnel has ended."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection

Details: Augment embassy protection

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: "a security force of approximately 55 U.S. military personnel... deployed to Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to augment the Embassy security forces"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported