Report 20111014A


October 14, 2011


Barack Obama (First Term)


Uganda South Sudan Central African Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: Uganda, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "[P]rovide assistance to regional forces that are working toward the removal of [LRA leader] Joseph Kony from the battlefield."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have directed this deployment, which is in the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States, pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

Consent of territorial state

Details: "Subject to the approval of each respective host nation, elements of these U.S. forces will deploy into Uganda, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, and [DRC]."

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "On October 12, the initial team of U.S. military personnel with appropriate combat equipment deployed to Uganda. During the next month, additional forces will deploy..."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Non-state actor

Details: Lord's Resistance Army

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: Approximately 100 U.S. military personnel "will act as advisors to partner forces that have the goal of removing from the battlefield Joseph Kony and other senior leadership of the LRA. Our forces will provide information, advice, and assistance"; "[A]lthough the U.S. forces are combat equipped... they will not themselves engage LRA forces unless necessary for self defense."

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported