January 26, 2012
AdministrationBarack Obama (First Term)
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
Insufficient information to infer from report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
Yes, described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Article 51 Report to UN
Not applicable because no self-defense claim
Details: Rescue Ms. Jessica Buchanan, a U.S. citizen who was "kidnapped in Galcayo, Somalia on October 25, 2011, by a group linked to Somali pirates and financiers."
Domestic Legal AuthorityConstitution (Art. II)
Details: "I directed this action consistent with my responsibility to protect U.S. citizens both at home and abroad, and in furtherance of U.S. national security interests, pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."
Claimed International Legal BasisUnknown
Details: "The operation was undertaken by a small number of joint combat-equipped U.S. forces" on January 24, 2012 and "[t]hese forces left Somalia on January 25, 2012."
Type of Enemy or MissionNon-state actor
Details: Rescue U.S. national
Military ActivityUse of ground forces
Details: "The operation was undertaken by a small number of joint combat-equipped U.S. forces, after we received reliable intelligence indicating Ms. Buchanan's location in Somalia along with that of" a non-U.S. national hostage.
US Casualties Reported
Non-US Casualties Reported