Report 20140630A


June 30, 2014


Barack Obama (Second Term)



Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim


Protect US citizens, property

Details: "to reinforce security at the U.S. Embassy, its support facilities, and the Baghdad International Airport"; "for the purpose of protecting U.S. citizens and property, if necessary..."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "This action has been directed consistent with my responsibility to protect U.S. citizens both at home and abroad, and in furtherance of U.S. national security and foreign policy interests, pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "This force will remain in Iraq until the security situation becomes such that it is no longer needed."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection

Details: Embassy security

Military Activity

Air operations Use of ground forces Support to other activities

Details: "This force consists of additional security forces, rotary-wing aircraft, and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support. This force is deploying for the purpose of protecting U.S. citizens and property, if necessary, and is equipped for combat."

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported