menumore_vert

Report 20190104A

Date

January 04, 2019

Administration

Donald Trump (Current Term)

Location

Gabon

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission

No

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim

Purpose/Mission

Protect US citizens, property

Details: "to be in position to support the security of United States citizens, personnel, and diplomatic facilities in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo"; "in response to the possibility that violent demonstrations may occur in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in reaction to the December 30, 2018, elections there"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "This action was taken consistent with my responsibility to protect United States citizens both at home and abroad, and in furtherance of United States national security and foreign policy interests, pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct United States foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

Unknown

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "Additional forces may deploy to Gabon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or the Republic of the Congo, if necessary for these purposes. These deployed personnel will remain in the region until the security situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo becomes such that their presence is no longer needed."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Non-state actor Embassy protection

Details: "violent demonstrations may occur"

Military Activity

Air operations Use of ground forces

Details: "deployment of approximately 80 personnel... with appropriate combat equipment and supported by military aircraft."

US Casualties Reported

Unknown

Non-US Casualties Reported

Unknown