Project Team

Author and Lead Researcher

Dr. Tess Bridgeman is Senior Fellow and Visiting Scholar at the Reiss Center on Law and Security, and Senior Editor at Just Security. She served as Special Assistant to President Obama, Associate Counsel to the President, and Deputy Legal Advisor to the National Security Council. She previously served in the State Department’s Office of the Legal Adviser, where she was Special Assistant to the Legal Adviser, and prior to that role, Attorney Adviser in the Office of Political-Military Affairs. Bridgeman clerked for Judge Thomas L. Ambro of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals, has worked at the World Bank Inspection Panel, and served at the Senate Judiciary Committee. She has a D.Phil. in International Relations from Oxford University, which she attended as a Rhodes Scholar; a J.D. from NYU School of Law, magna cum laude and Order of the Coif, which she attended as a Root-Tilden-Kern and Institute for International Law and Justice Scholar; and a B.A. from Stanford University.

Student Scholar Researchers

Erica Ma is a third year law student at NYU School of Law, where she is a 2018-19 Reiss Center Student Scholar, Managing Editor for the New York University Law Review, and a Furman Academic Scholar. Previously, she worked at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in Washington, D.C.

Ariana Navarro Rowberry is a third year law student at NYU School of Law, where she is a 2018-19 Reiss Center Student Scholar and the former President of the National Security Law Society. In Fall 2019 she was part of the Legislative and Regulatory Policy Clinic where she served as a legal extern on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence Majority staff. Previously, she worked at the Middle East and North Africa Directorate of the National Security Council.

Executive Director

Rachel Goldbrenner is the Executive Director of the Reiss Center on Law and Security at NYU School of Law. An international lawyer and policy practitioner, she previously served in senior policy roles at the National Security Council, U.S. Mission to the United Nations, and State Department. Before entering government, she practiced in the international litigation and arbitration group of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton in New York. She has worked as a foreign policy and national security analyst at several U.S.-based think-tanks. She is a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and has been a Fellow of the Truman National Security Project and a Fulbright Scholar to the Netherlands. Goldbrenner has a J.D. from NYU School of Law and a B.A. from UC Berkeley.


We wish to thank the Reiss Center’s Sarvenaz Bakhtiar, Director of Operations and Strategic Development, and Alex Potcovaru, Program Associate, for their indispensable support. Reiss Center Student Scholars Peter Machtiger and Julia Brooks provided excellent additional research assistance. Beverly Tan’s communications skills were invaluable. We also owe our profound gratitude to Brian Finucane, Chris Fonzone, Professor Ryan Goodman, Professor Rebecca Ingber, Dean Trevor Morrison, and Stephen Pomper for their thoughtful and expert feedback.

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