Report 19900809A


August 09, 1990


George H.W. Bush


Saudi Arabia Iraq

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as stated in report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: "in concert with Saudi forces, friendly regional forces, and others"

Article 51 Report to UN


Details: S/21492


Respond to threat

Details: Respond to "direct threat to neighboring countries and to vital U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf region" by Iraq; "They are prepared to take action in concert with Saudi forces, friendly regional forces, and others to deter Iraqi aggression and to preserve the integrity of Saudi Arabia."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken these actions pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct our foreign relations and as Commander in Chief."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Details: "These actions are in exercise of our inherent right of individual and collective self-defense."

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "Although it is not possible to predict the precise scope and duration of this deployment, our Armed Forces will remain so long as their presence is required to contribute to the security of the region and desired by the Saudi government..."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Iraq

Military Activity

Air operations Use of naval forces/vessels Use of ground forces

Details: "I ordered the forward deployment of substantial elements of the United States Armed Forces into the region.... Two squadrons of F - 15 aircraft, one brigade of the 82nd Airborne Division, and other elements of the Armed Forces began arriving in Saudi Arabia... Additional U.S. air, naval, and ground Forces also will be deployed."

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported