Report 19940419A


April 19, 1994


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, including troops from Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: UN-authorized "mission of monitoring and reporting developments... that could signify a threat to the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"; prevent conflict in former Yugoslavia from spreading

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have ordered the deployment of U.S. Armed Forces for these purposes pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct foreign relations and as Commander in Chief."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: The related Jan. 8, 1994 report cites UNSCR 842

Estimated Scope/Duration

None provided

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Former Yugoslavia

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: Deployment of "reinforced company of approximately 200 personnel to augment the U.S. Army contingent"

US Casualties Reported


Details: "there have been no U.S. casualties since the operation began"

Non-US Casualties Reported