Report 19940921A


September 21, 1994


Bill Clinton (First Term)



Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: "I ... directed the deployment of U.S. Armed Forces to Haiti as part of the multinational coalition provided for by U.N. Security Council Resolution 940 of July 31, 1994."

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "transition between the de facto government and the elected government in Haiti"; "to ensure the establishment and maintenance of a secure and stable environment."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have ordered this deployment of U.S. Armed Forces pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCR 940

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "As to the duration of the mission, our presence in Haiti will not be open-ended. As I indicated on September 18, the coalition will be replaced after a period of months by a U.N. peacekeeping force, the U.N. Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Haitian "coup leaders" departing from power

Military Activity

Air operations Use of naval forces/vessels Use of ground forces

Details: "Air-landed and seaborne U.S. forces successfully secured initial entry points at Port au Prince International Airport and the Port au Prince port facilities. Approximately 1,500 troops were involved in these initial efforts."

US Casualties Reported


Details: "No resistance was encountered and there were no U.S. casualties."

Non-US Casualties Reported


Details: "No resistance was encountered... There has not been armed resistance to the deployment."