Report 19950901A


September 01, 1995


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Bosnia and Herzegovina

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: NATO, UN

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "to reduce the threat to the Sarajevo safe area and to deter further attacks there or in any other safe area"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have directed the participation of U.S. forces in this effort pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct the foreign relations of the United States and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCR 824, 836

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "These operations will continue until NATO and U.N. commanders determine that they have achieved their aims."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Bosnian Serb Army

Military Activity

Air operations

Details: "use of U.S. combat and support aircraft... in a series of NATO air strikes against Bosnian Serb Army (BSA) forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina that were threatening the U.N.-declared safe areas of Sarajevo, Tuzla, and Gorazde." (300 sorties against 23 targets on first day)

US Casualties Reported


Details: "No U.S. aircraft were destroyed during the strikes nor were any U.S. personnel killed, wounded, or captured."

Non-US Casualties Reported


Details: "The aircraft struck a variety of BSA targets, including heavy weapons emplacements, command and control facilities, communications sites, air defense sites, and ammunition facilities. Initial reports suggest that the strikes were successful in damaging or destroying a number of BSA targets."