September 24, 2001
AdministrationGeorge W. Bush (First Term)
LocationCentral and Pacific Command
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
Yes, stated or used terms in statute
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
Insufficient information to infer from report
Article 51 Report to UN
Not applicable because no self-defense claim
Purpose/MissionRespond to threat
Details: "In response to [the 9/11] attacks on our territory, our citizens, and our way of life, I ordered the deployment of various combat-equipped and combat support forces to a number of foreign nations in the Central and Pacific Command areas of operations"; "to prevent and deter terrorism"
Domestic Legal AuthorityConstitution (Art. II)
Details: "I have taken these actions pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."
Claimed International Legal BasisUnknown
Mission-bound but indeterminate
Details: "It is not now possible to predict the scope and duration of these deployments, and the actions necessary to counter the terrorist threat to the United States. It is likely that the American campaign against terrorism will be a lengthy one."
Type of Enemy or MissionNon-state actor
Details: "the terrorist threat to the United States"
Details: "deployment of various combat-equipped and combat support forces to a number of foreign nations"
US Casualties Reported
Non-US Casualties Reported