Report 20030609A


June 09, 2003


George W. Bush (First Term)


Liberia Mauritania Senegal Sierra Leone

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim


Protect US citizens, property

Details: "augment the Embassy security forces and to aid in the evacuation of U.S. citizens" if required, from Liberia and Mauritania; although "in both cases the U.S. forces are equipped for combat, these movements were undertaken solely for the purpose of protecting American citizens and property"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "United States forces will redeploy as soon as it is determined that the threats to the Embassy compounds have ended or an evacuation, if necessary, is completed."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection Rescue/Evacuation of nationals

Details: Embassy security; prepare for evacuation

Military Activity

Air operations Use of ground forces

Details: 35 U.S. military personnel "pre-positioned" in Sierra Leone and "moved into" Liberia; 34 U.S. military personnel "are being sent to" Mauritania; "several fixed wing aircraft and their aircrew have been pre-positioned in Dakar, Senegal"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported