Report 20131219A


December 19, 2013


Barack Obama (Second Term)


South Sudan

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim


Protect US citizens, property

Details: "deployed to South Sudan to support the security of U.S. personnel and our Embassy"; "for the purpose of protecting U.S. citizens and property"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "This action has been directed consistent with my responsibility to protect U.S. citizens both at home and abroad, and in furtherance of U.S. national security and foreign policy interests, pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "This force will remain in South Sudan until the security situation becomes such that it is no longer needed."

Type of Enemy or Mission

Embassy protection

Details: Embassy security

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: "approximately 45 U.S. Armed Forces personnel deployed to South Sudan to support the security of U.S. personnel and our Embassy"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported