Report 19940301A


March 01, 1994


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Bosnia and Herzegovina

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: "Military personnel from 12 NATO member nations have participated in this effort"

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "[T]o support NATO’s enforcement of the no-fly zone in Bosnia-Herzegovina, as authorized by the U.N. Security Council."; "to ensure that the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina does not spread to the air."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "U.S. Armed Forces participate in these operations pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCR 816

Estimated Scope/Duration

Scope/duration specified

Details: "Although we have no reason to believe that there will be further violations requiring the use of force, U.S. aircraft will continue to serve as part of this important NATO enforcement effort."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Bosnian-Serbs

Military Activity

Air operations

Details: "U.S. F–16 aircraft on air patrol for NATO shot down four Galeb fixed-wing aircraft that were violating the no-fly zone"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported