Report 19940412A


April 12, 1994


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Bosnia and Herzegovina

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: UN and NATO

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "to provide protection for U.N. personnel who came under attack in Gorazde, Bosnia-Herzegovina"

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have directed the participation of U.S. Armed Forces in this effort pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCRs 713, 824, 836, 844

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "United States forces will continue to serve as part of this important NATO enforcement effort and will remain prepared to respond to U.N. and NATO requests for further action against those who violate these decisions... It is not now possible to determine the duration of this operation."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Bosnian-Serbs

Military Activity

Air operations

Details: "close air support (CAS) strikes on the Bosnian-Serb firing positions"; "two U.S. aircraft... engaged Bosnian-Serb targets;" "U.N. personnel in Gorazde requested NATO air support after again coming under attack by Bosnian-Serb gunners. United States F/A–18 aircraft... were successful in neutralizing Bosnian-Serb targets that had been firing on the city."

US Casualties Reported


Details: "There were no NATO or U.N. casualties as a result of the operations on April 10 and 11, 1994."

Non-US Casualties Reported