Report 19951206A


December 06, 1995


Bill Clinton (First Term)


Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Hungary Italy

Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, stated or used terms in statute

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: NATO "enabling force"; "Among the nations providing forces to the enabling force are the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Canada."

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "to lay the groundwork for the prompt and safe deployment of the NATO-led Implementation Force (IFOR)" following signing of peace agreement

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have directed the participation of U.S. forces in these operations pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct the foreign relations of the United States and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis


Details: "I authorized these deployments in conjunction with our NATO allies following [North Atlantic Council] decisions to permit implementation of the peace agreement..."

Estimated Scope/Duration

None provided

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: Stabilization following initialing of peace agreement

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: "deployment of approximately 1,500 U.S. military personnel to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia as part of a NATO ‘enabling force’ to lay the groundwork for the prompt and safe deployment of the NATO-led Implementation Force (IFOR)” to implement peace agreement after its signing; "deployment of approximately 3,000 additional U.S. military personnel to Hungary, Italy, and Croatia in order to establish forward U.S. support infrastructure for the enabling force and the IFOR."

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported