December 06, 1995
AdministrationBill Clinton (First Term)
LocationBosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Hungary Italy
Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)
No, as described in/inferred from report
Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)
Yes, stated or used terms in statute
Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)
Yes, described in/inferred from report
Details: NATO "enabling force"; "Among the nations providing forces to the enabling force are the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Canada."
Article 51 Report to UN
Not applicable because no self-defense claim
Details: "to lay the groundwork for the prompt and safe deployment of the NATO-led Implementation Force (IFOR)" following signing of peace agreement
Domestic Legal AuthorityConstitution (Art. II)
Details: "I have directed the participation of U.S. forces in these operations pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct the foreign relations of the United States and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."
Claimed International Legal BasisUnknown
Details: "I authorized these deployments in conjunction with our NATO allies following [North Atlantic Council] decisions to permit implementation of the peace agreement..."
Type of Enemy or MissionOther
Details: Stabilization following initialing of peace agreement
Military ActivityUse of ground forces
Details: "deployment of approximately 1,500 U.S. military personnel to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia as part of a NATO ‘enabling force’ to lay the groundwork for the prompt and safe deployment of the NATO-led Implementation Force (IFOR)” to implement peace agreement after its signing; "deployment of approximately 3,000 additional U.S. military personnel to Hungary, Italy, and Croatia in order to establish forward U.S. support infrastructure for the enabling force and the IFOR."
US Casualties Reported
Non-US Casualties Reported