Report 19990612A


June 12, 1999


Bill Clinton (Second Term)



Was 4(a)(1) Triggered? (Hostilities/Imminent Hostilities)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(2) Triggered? (Combat- Equipped Introduction)

Yes, described in/inferred from report

Was 4(a)(3) Triggered? (Substantial Enlargement)

No, as described in/inferred from report

Joint/Coalition Mission


Details: NATO

Article 51 Report to UN

Not applicable because no self-defense claim



Details: "to ensure that the withdrawal of FRY forces proceeds on schedule, to protect KFOR and the civil implementation presence, and assist other international entities involved in restoring peace to Kosovo."

Domestic Legal Authority

Constitution (Art. II)

Details: "I have taken this action pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive."

Claimed International Legal Basis

UN Security Council authorization

Details: UNSCR 1244

Estimated Scope/Duration

Mission-bound but indeterminate

Details: "I expect that after the withdrawal of all Serb forces from Kosovo and an initial stabilization period, KFOR will be progressively reduced as the security situation permits and international and local police forces are established. The KFOR ultimately will transfer responsibilities to the international provisional administration, local institutions, and other appropriate organizations."

Type of Enemy or Mission


Details: FRY Government of President Milosevic

Military Activity

Use of ground forces

Details: "deployment of approximately 7,000 U.S. military personnel as the U.S. contribution to the approximately 50,000-member, NATO-led security force (KFOR) now being deployed into Kosovo"; an additional "approximately 1,500 U.S. military personnel, under separate U.S. command and control, will deploy to other countries in the region... in support of KFOR"

US Casualties Reported


Non-US Casualties Reported