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Date expand_lessPresident expand_moreLocation expand_morePurpose/Mission expand_moreDomestic Legal Authority expand_moreWPR Report Trigger expand_more
04/04/1975FordSouth VietnamHumanitarianConst. (Art. II) and StatuteCombat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
04/12/1975FordCambodiaEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
05/15/1975FordCambodiaRescue/Hostage recoveryConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
04/26/1980CarterIranRescue/Hostage recoveryConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/19/1982ReaganIsrael, EgyptStabilizationConst. (Art. II) and StatuteCombat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
04/30/1975FordSouth VietnamEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
09/29/1982ReaganLebanonAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/24/1982ReaganLebanonAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/30/1983ReaganLebanonAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
08/08/1983ReaganChadAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
10/25/1983ReaganGrenadaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/26/1986ReaganGulf of SidraRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
04/16/1986ReaganLibyaRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/24/1987ReaganPersian GulfRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
10/10/1987ReaganPersian GulfRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
10/20/1987ReaganPersian GulfRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
04/19/1988ReaganPersian GulfRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
07/04/1988ReaganPersian GulfRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
07/14/1988ReaganPersian GulfRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
12/02/1989H.W. BushPhilippinesAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
12/21/1989H.W. BushPanamaProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
08/06/1990H.W. BushLiberiaProtect US citizens, propertyNone providedCombat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/09/1990H.W. BushSaudi Arabia, IraqRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
11/16/1990H.W. BushPersian GulfRespond to threatNone providedSubstantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
01/18/1991H.W. BushIraq, KuwaitRespond to threatConst. (Art. II) and StatuteHostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
12/10/1992H.W. BushSomaliaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
04/13/1993ClintonBosnia and HerzegovinaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
06/28/1993ClintonIraqRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
07/09/1993ClintonFormer Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
10/20/1993ClintonHaitiAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
02/17/1994ClintonBosnia and HerzegovinaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
04/12/1994ClintonBosnia and HerzegovinaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
04/12/1994ClintonBurundiEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/01/1994ClintonBosnia and HerzegovinaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
04/19/1994ClintonFormer Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
08/01/1994ClintonRwandaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/22/1994ClintonBosnia and HerzegovinaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/21/1994ClintonHaitiStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
11/22/1994ClintonBosnia and Herzegovina, CroatiaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/01/1995ClintonSomaliaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
09/01/1995ClintonBosnia and HerzegovinaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
12/06/1995ClintonBosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Hungary, ItalyStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2)), Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
12/21/1995ClintonBosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Hungary, ItalyStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
04/11/1996ClintonLiberia, Sierra Leone, SenegalEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
05/20/1996ClintonLiberiaEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
05/23/1996ClintonCentral African RepublicEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
12/02/1996ClintonRwanda, Republic of Zaire, UgandaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/15/1997ClintonAlbaniaEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
05/30/1997ClintonSierra LeoneEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
07/11/1997ClintonThailandEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
06/12/1998ClintonSenegalEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/10/1998ClintonKenya, TanzaniaProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/18/1998ClintonAlbaniaProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/21/1998ClintonAfghanistan, Sudan (Pre-Separation)Respond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/29/1998ClintonLiberia, Sierra LeoneProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/26/1999ClintonFederal Republic of Yugoslavia, Former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
04/07/1999ClintonAlbania, Former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2)), Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
05/25/1999ClintonAlbaniaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
06/12/1999ClintonKosovoStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
10/08/1999ClintonEast Timor, IndonesiaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
02/25/2000ClintonEast TimorStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
05/12/2000ClintonSierra LeoneEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
10/14/2000ClintonYemenRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
09/24/2001W. BushCentral and Pacific CommandRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
10/09/2001W. BushAfghanistanRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/26/2002W. BushCote d'IvoireEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/21/2003W. BushIraqRespond to threatConst. (Art. II) and StatuteHostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
06/09/2003W. BushLiberia, Mauritania, Senegal, Sierra LeoneProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
08/13/2003W. BushLiberiaStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
02/25/2004W. BushHaitiProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/02/2004W. BushHaitiStabilizationConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
07/18/2006W. BushLebanonEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/21/2011ObamaLibyaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
10/14/2011ObamaUganda, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the CongoAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
01/26/2012ObamaSomaliaRescue/Hostage recoveryConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
09/14/2012ObamaLibya, YemenProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
12/29/2012ObamaCentral African Republic, ChadEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
01/13/2013ObamaSomaliaAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
02/22/2013ObamaNigerAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
06/21/2013ObamaJordanAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
12/19/2013ObamaSouth SudanProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
12/22/2013ObamaSouth SudanEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
03/25/2014ObamaSouth Sudan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, UgandaAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
05/21/2014ObamaChadRescue/Hostage recoveryConstitution (Art. II)Unknown
06/16/2014ObamaIraqProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
06/26/2014ObamaIraqAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
06/30/2014ObamaIraqProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
08/08/2014ObamaIraqHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
08/17/2014ObamaIraqHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/01/2014ObamaIraqHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/05/2014ObamaIraqProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
09/08/2014ObamaIraqHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/11/2014ObamaCentral African RepublicProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
09/23/2014ObamaSyriaRespond to threatConst. (Art. II) and StatuteHostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
09/23/2014ObamaSyria, IraqRespond to threatConst. (Art. II) and StatuteHostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1)), Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
10/14/2015ObamaCameroonOtherConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
07/13/2016ObamaSouth SudanProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
07/15/2016ObamaUgandaProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
10/14/2016ObamaYemenRespond to threatConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
04/08/2017TrumpSyriaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
04/15/2018TrumpSyriaHumanitarianConstitution (Art. II)Hostilities or imminent hostilities (WPR §4(a)(1))
01/04/2019TrumpGabonProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
11/19/2019TrumpSaudi ArabiaAdvise/AssistConstitution (Art. II)Substantial enlargement (WPR §4(a)(3))
07/27/2014ObamaLibya, TunisiaEvacuationConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))
03/27/1997ClintonGabon, Republic of the CongoProtect US citizens, propertyConstitution (Art. II)Combat-equipped introduction (WPR §4(a)(2))